A well-trained horse willingly submits to rules established by its handler, but groups of pastured horses live by a completely different set of rules — rules they define and defend.
Mares are often likely the ones to set the tone in a group of horses. One mare is usually dominant, and the others will figure out their roles and submit. The dominant mare controls the other horses with body language: ears pinned, bold, head-down strides toward other horses, and if necessary, kicking. Any mare in the herd can be dominant, even a young mare. [Read more…]